I was looking at this picture of Michael mulching some organic turmeric beds with straw at the farm at Verdant Kitchen and I remembered a recent conversation about the cost of our food. The question was "is my organic food expensive or is it just that my non organic food is so cheap.....?"
It turns out that in the US it is both. Our non organic traditional foods are very inexpensive and relative to them our organic food is expensive.
The majority of our food staples such as corn, rice, wheat, soy and milk are not produced organically. US farmers are some of the most productive in the world. They leverage three resources to produce very consistent and high yield - that common thread is "GO BIG"
i) Large Capital Farm Equipment (tractors, planters, harvesters) that reduce labor
ii) Synthetic Chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides that provide high yields and can deal with monoculture plantings
iii) Large scale monoculture that reduces costs
As a farm business, like any other production manufacturing you make money by driving up scale.
By contacts an organic farm can not GO BIG - nature will always fight monoculture agriculture. Pests, diseases and weeds will target these monoculture fields and unless controlled with fast chemical treatments will overwhelm the crop. Without the use of these treatments the organic farmer has a different model
i) Small rotational fields that reduce disease
ii) Slow release nutrients, soil fertility building, mulching and manual weed control
A consequence of this model is
iii) High labor and expensive small equipment (relative to the yield of product)
The picture that triggered this article was covering organic turmeric beds with straw, a labor and material intensive job. I calculate that spraying the beds three times with a synthetic herbicide and would be 10% of the cost of this mulching process. This is just one costs, there are many more.
When I look at the retail price premium of organic v's non organic (which varies but is often a 50% increase) and the fact that 90% of small farms in the US do not make any on farm profit, it seems to me that the current price of organic food is based on what the market will accept, rather than the price required to receive a adequate financial return and provide a high quality organic product to market.
It seems to me that the costs are what they are. It is the job of the organic farmer to be productive and smart and to ensure they educate their customers about the benefits of organic food. I recommend that you go to an organic farm if you can and see the fundamental difference between large scale production agriculture and organic farming - the differences are stark. The quality, purity, taste and sustainability of the organic farm produce is a fundamentally different product than the non organic alternative. Be educated and buy the best quality organic food that you can afford in your life.